#StackBounty: #algorithms #complexity-theory Class of Algorithms where finding output of algorithm can be aided by output of same algor…

Bounty: 100

Sorry for the confusing title, but I’m trying to find out if a certain algorithm or class of algorithms fits this description. Given an algorithm A, computing A(x) can be computionally easier if A(g) is known, where g is close to x, and it’s easier the closer g gets to x. So also, the amount of computation A has to do grows with respect to the size of the input.

You would also have to be able to calculate the output of A(x) given A(g), x-g, A(x-g). Does A exist for anything other than trivial artithemtic, and if so, is there an entire class of algorithms which A belongs to?

Get this bounty!!!