#StackBounty: #probability #distributions #confidence-interval #chi-squared Difference – Probability-To-Exceed (PTE) and $chi^2$ distr…

Bounty: 50

I would like to understand the difference between the $chi^{2}$ distribution and the Probability-To-Exceed ?

I have to compare 2 data sets A and B and in the article I am reading, they talk about this PTE :

enter image description here

I only know the $chi^{2}$ distribution with $k=2$ degrees of freedom :


and the relation with confidence level :


I don’t know how to do the link with the text above.

In the article, they make appear the integral of gaussian whereas in $(2)$, I can only make appear a simple integration of exponential (I mean, there is no “$text{erf}$” function appearing unlike into the article).

If someone could tell me the difference between $chi^{2}$ distribution and $P_{chi^2}$ (PTE) ?

UPDATE 1: the context is about astrophysics where I have to compare the consistency of 2 data sets (cosmological parameters) . The method is described below :

enter image description here

enter image description here

Could anyone tell me what’s the definition of this Probability-To-Exceed and how to determine it ?

Is it a cumulative function ? How to get the integral of a gaussian in this case (since erf appears) ?

Any help is welcome, regards

Get this bounty!!!

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