#StackBounty: #networking #windows-10 #arp Unexpected ARP Probe and ARP Announcement on Windows 10

Bounty: 50

In our system, there are three hosts all connected to the same ethernet switch, which is illustrated below:

A (, WIN10_1809) <-> Switch <-> B (, Debian Linux 9)
                       C (, WIN10_1809)

Between any two of these hosts, there are periodically network communications, both lower-level ping operations and upper-level business messages (based on TCP or UDP).

Occasionally host B and host C would find out host A is inaccessible by ping operations (which would last around 7 seconds) while host A would have no problem as of pinging host B and host C. At the same time, the upper-level TCP or UDP communications related with host A would also fail while the communications between host B and host C are totally normal.

By checking the network traffic in the system using Wireshark, we find out that host A would initiate an ARP probe and ARP announcement process when the error happens.

2838    1.501535    SuperMic_78:e0:f1   Broadcast   ARP 60  Who has Tell
2841    1.501831    JUMPINDU_64:8b:23   SuperMic_78:e0:f1   ARP 60 is at 00:e0:4b:64:8b:23
2876    1.516569    SuperMic_78:e0:f1   Broadcast   ARP 60  Who has Tell
2879    1.516654    SuperMic_8d:2f:67   SuperMic_78:e0:f1   ARP 60 is at ac:1f:6b:8d:2f:67
3234    1.817465    SuperMic_78:e0:f1   Broadcast   ARP 60  Who has (ARP Probe)
4179    2.817637    SuperMic_78:e0:f1   Broadcast   ARP 60  Who has (ARP Probe)
5043    3.817780    SuperMic_78:e0:f1   Broadcast   ARP 60  Who has (ARP Probe)
5897    4.817833    SuperMic_78:e0:f1   Broadcast   ARP 60  ARP Announcement for

In which, SuperMic_78:e0:f1 is host A, JUMPINDU_64:8b:23 is host B and SuperMic_8d:2f:67 is host C.

According to RFC 5227:

Before beginning to use an IPv4 address (whether received from manual 
configuration, DHCP, or some other means), a host implementing this
specification MUST test to see if the address is already in use, by
broadcasting ARP Probe packets.  This also applies when a network
interface transitions from an inactive to an active state, when a
computer awakes from sleep, when a link-state change signals that an
Ethernet cable has been connected, when an 802.11 wireless interface
associates with a new base station, or when any other change in
connectivity occurs where a host becomes actively connected to a
logical link.

But from the windows event log on host A, there is no evidence for any event listed above. Also, the problem happens on multiple systems in our company and it looks like networking hardware (have replaced the switch and the connecting cables) and network traffic (problem still happens even when system is idle and is with less than 1% bandwidth usage) don’t give a major contribution to the problem.

We have also checked the log files in fields and have seen no evidence of problem happening there — WIN7 and old releases of SW have been used in the field while WIN10 and new SW are being used at home.

Have investigated for nearly two months and no root cause has been found. Any advice or suggestion would be greatly appreciated. Also, please let me know if there is other places better suited for this kind of problem.

Get this bounty!!!

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