#StackBounty: #wireless-networking #systemd #wifi-configuration #ubuntu-20.04 #netplan Automatic creation of the second WiFi interface …

Bounty: 100

I want to create wifi access point on my machine together with ordinary wifi interface. My card support this operation. I can do this manually with the following commands (note that wlan0 already exists and it is configured to connect to the office network)

iw phy phy0 interface add wlan1 type managed
service hostapd start
ip link set wlan1 up
ip addr add 10.0.10.1/24 dev wlan1 

However, I want to create and this wlan1 interface automatically at the system startup. Previously (on Ubuntu 16.04) I did this with help of if-pre-up.d script. However, netplan does not support pre-up scripts. As far as I understand I should either use network-dispatcher or create systemd unit that is run before starting network. What is the proper approach?
Are there good examples?


Get this bounty!!!

#StackBounty: #sorting #xfce #xubuntu #ubuntu-20.04 #xfce4 Within a category, how can I get the apps in Xfce 4.14's Whisker Menu to…

Bounty: 50

Whenever I install a new program and it gets placed in a category on the Whisker Menu (e.g. "Education", "Development"), it always defaults to putting the program at the bottom of the categories that it goes in to. How can I make this default to alphabetical sorting?

MenuLibre, the tool used for editing these menus, has a button for sorting individual categories alphabetically, but this isn’t a persistent setting – it’s a one-off sort that has to be repeated for every new app and every category that it goes in to.

Note: I’ve seen some similar questions on AskUbuntu, but the situation appears to have changed since version 4.12.


Get this bounty!!!

#StackBounty: #brightness #xfce #xubuntu #xfce4 #ubuntu-20.04 What can you do when you've accidentally turned your brightness all o…

Bounty: 50

I’ve recently encountered something quite annoying in Xfce. I can control my brightness with my Fn key shortcuts only if I am not in a menu. This means that if I go in to the power manager plugin panel icon’s menu and accidentally turn my brightness all of the way down, blackening my screen, my only methods of restoring it are to click blindly in hopes of either getting off of the power manager’s menu or upping my brightness. As this may cause me to click on something undesirable, this is not a good method. However, being in a menu blocks all of my non-Syskey keyboard inputs, including Ctrl+Alt+T and my Fn keys, so it appears that my only other course of action is to REISUB or to change in to a tty that will also be totally black and therefore useless (the ttys also ignore my Fn keys).

My question then is this: What should I do when I’ve accidentally turned my brightness all of the way down with the power manager’s menu?


Get this bounty!!!

#StackBounty: #brightness #xfce #xubuntu #xfce4 #ubuntu-20.04 What can you do when you've accidentally turned your brightness all o…

Bounty: 50

I’ve recently encountered something quite annoying in Xfce. I can control my brightness with my Fn key shortcuts only if I am not in a menu. This means that if I go in to the power manager plugin panel icon’s menu and accidentally turn my brightness all of the way down, blackening my screen, my only methods of restoring it are to click blindly in hopes of either getting off of the power manager’s menu or upping my brightness. As this may cause me to click on something undesirable, this is not a good method. However, being in a menu blocks all of my non-Syskey keyboard inputs, including Ctrl+Alt+T and my Fn keys, so it appears that my only other course of action is to REISUB or to change in to a tty that will also be totally black and therefore useless (the ttys also ignore my Fn keys).

My question then is this: What should I do when I’ve accidentally turned my brightness all of the way down with the power manager’s menu?


Get this bounty!!!

#StackBounty: #brightness #xfce #xubuntu #xfce4 #ubuntu-20.04 What can you do when you've accidentally turned your brightness all o…

Bounty: 50

I’ve recently encountered something quite annoying in Xfce. I can control my brightness with my Fn key shortcuts only if I am not in a menu. This means that if I go in to the power manager plugin panel icon’s menu and accidentally turn my brightness all of the way down, blackening my screen, my only methods of restoring it are to click blindly in hopes of either getting off of the power manager’s menu or upping my brightness. As this may cause me to click on something undesirable, this is not a good method. However, being in a menu blocks all of my non-Syskey keyboard inputs, including Ctrl+Alt+T and my Fn keys, so it appears that my only other course of action is to REISUB or to change in to a tty that will also be totally black and therefore useless (the ttys also ignore my Fn keys).

My question then is this: What should I do when I’ve accidentally turned my brightness all of the way down with the power manager’s menu?


Get this bounty!!!

#StackBounty: #brightness #xfce #xubuntu #xfce4 #ubuntu-20.04 What can you do when you've accidentally turned your brightness all o…

Bounty: 50

I’ve recently encountered something quite annoying in Xfce. I can control my brightness with my Fn key shortcuts only if I am not in a menu. This means that if I go in to the power manager plugin panel icon’s menu and accidentally turn my brightness all of the way down, blackening my screen, my only methods of restoring it are to click blindly in hopes of either getting off of the power manager’s menu or upping my brightness. As this may cause me to click on something undesirable, this is not a good method. However, being in a menu blocks all of my non-Syskey keyboard inputs, including Ctrl+Alt+T and my Fn keys, so it appears that my only other course of action is to REISUB or to change in to a tty that will also be totally black and therefore useless (the ttys also ignore my Fn keys).

My question then is this: What should I do when I’ve accidentally turned my brightness all of the way down with the power manager’s menu?


Get this bounty!!!

#StackBounty: #brightness #xfce #xubuntu #xfce4 #ubuntu-20.04 What can you do when you've accidentally turned your brightness all o…

Bounty: 50

I’ve recently encountered something quite annoying in Xfce. I can control my brightness with my Fn key shortcuts only if I am not in a menu. This means that if I go in to the power manager plugin panel icon’s menu and accidentally turn my brightness all of the way down, blackening my screen, my only methods of restoring it are to click blindly in hopes of either getting off of the power manager’s menu or upping my brightness. As this may cause me to click on something undesirable, this is not a good method. However, being in a menu blocks all of my non-Syskey keyboard inputs, including Ctrl+Alt+T and my Fn keys, so it appears that my only other course of action is to REISUB or to change in to a tty that will also be totally black and therefore useless (the ttys also ignore my Fn keys).

My question then is this: What should I do when I’ve accidentally turned my brightness all of the way down with the power manager’s menu?


Get this bounty!!!

#StackBounty: #brightness #xfce #xubuntu #xfce4 #ubuntu-20.04 What can you do when you've accidentally turned your brightness all o…

Bounty: 50

I’ve recently encountered something quite annoying in Xfce. I can control my brightness with my Fn key shortcuts only if I am not in a menu. This means that if I go in to the power manager plugin panel icon’s menu and accidentally turn my brightness all of the way down, blackening my screen, my only methods of restoring it are to click blindly in hopes of either getting off of the power manager’s menu or upping my brightness. As this may cause me to click on something undesirable, this is not a good method. However, being in a menu blocks all of my non-Syskey keyboard inputs, including Ctrl+Alt+T and my Fn keys, so it appears that my only other course of action is to REISUB or to change in to a tty that will also be totally black and therefore useless (the ttys also ignore my Fn keys).

My question then is this: What should I do when I’ve accidentally turned my brightness all of the way down with the power manager’s menu?


Get this bounty!!!

#StackBounty: #linux #ftp #service #proftpd #ubuntu-20.04 Strange ProFTPD behaviour, seems duplicate installation

Bounty: 50

I have a strange problema with a fresh install of ProFTPD on Ubuntu 20 LTS.
I noticed that after changing some option on the configuration files, when I run services proftpd restart the modifications does not apply, only if I restart the system the changes will make effects.

So I try to sop the service with services proftpd stop but I can keep connecting with the ftp client. So there is something weird here. Can you help me on what to verify?

some output

root@b205d:~# which proftpd
/usr/sbin/proftpd
root@b205d:~# whereis proftpd
proftpd: /usr/sbin/proftpd /usr/lib/proftpd /etc/proftpd /usr/share/proftpd /usr/share/man/man8/proftpd.8.gz


Get this bounty!!!

#StackBounty: #windows-10 #grub #bootloader #veracrypt #ubuntu-20.04 Switch bootloader order MBR: GRUB before VeraCrypt in Legacy dual …

Bounty: 50

Scenario

The following steps were executed:

  1. Installed Windows 10 Pro N on a single disk
  2. Installed dual boot Ubuntu 20.04 on the same disk, which installs GRUB bootloader
  3. Installed VeraCrypt on Windows and performed complete system disk encryption
    • Full disk encryption installs the VeraCrypt bootloader, which is placed in front of the GRUB bootloader on the Master Boot Record (MBR), meaning the GRUB bootloader towards Ubuntu is not available anymore/skipped. In the VeraCrypt bootloader one can either:
      • Press ESC, which does not turn towards GRUB, indicating the Windows 10 install is corrupted since it’s encrypted
      • Enter password correctly, which directly skips the GRUB bootloader, successfully loading Windows 10 and resulting in Ubuntu 20.04 not being accessible/bootable anymore because the GRUB bootloader is skipped

According to this link, one can install something like EasyUEFI to switch the order, placing GRUB in front of VeracCypt, however EasyUEFI does not work on the specified laptop, (acer aspire 7750G) since I was not able to find and enable an UEFI setting option. The device has InsydeH20 setup utility Rev. 3.5 and I assume that only has BIOS (legacy boot), and no UEFI.

Question

How can one switch the order of GRUB to before VeraCrypt in a system with legacy boot such that Ubuntu is accessible again with the full disc encryption?

Attempts

  1. I tried sticking the drive into an UEFI laptop to open it with EasyUEFI to change the MBR, but the program won’t show the disk details, meaning I am not able to shift a bootloader up nor down.
  2. I tried to switch the bootloader to put the Grub loader above Veracrpyt with bcdedit. The command bcedit /enum outputs:
Windows Boot Manager
--------------------
identifier              {bootmgr}
device                  partition=DeviceHarddiskVolume1
description             Windows Boot Manager
locale                  en-US
inherit                 {globalsettings}
default                 {current}
resumeobject            {f1c50cdb-e01f-11ea-8662-d17332f8934a}
displayorder            {current}
toolsdisplayorder       {memdiag}
timeout                 30

Windows Boot Loader
-------------------
identifier              {current}
device                  partition=C:
path                    Windowssystem32winload.exe
description             Windows 10
locale                  en-US
inherit                 {bootloadersettings}
recoverysequence        {f1c50cdd-e01f-11ea-8662-d17332f8934a}
displaymessageoverride  Recovery
recoveryenabled         Yes
allowedinmemorysettings 0x15000075
osdevice                partition=C:
systemroot              Windows
resumeobject            {f1c50cdb-e01f-11ea-8662-d17332f8934a}
nx                      OptIn
bootmenupolicy          Standard

I have not yet identified which/whether the grub bootloader is in here. I think current is the VeraCrypt bootloader that points towards the Windows bootloader with: resumeobject {f1c50cdb-e01f-11ea-8662-d17332f8934a}. I would think that if I can find the object ID of the Grub boot loader, I perhaps refer to that from resumeobject, or create a new Grub boot loader entry and add it in front of current. But I have not yet determined how I could make a new entry to add the Grub boot loader to the front with bcdedit.


Get this bounty!!!